I haven't played anything but Vi since release, and while it is rare (3-4 times maybe?) I have noticed her Q failing to connect on perfectly aimed casts. If I recall properly, there was a general skillshot problem with this a while back that was fixed, reintroduced, and fixed again. Perhaps it's an instance of it occurring once more? It's very rare, but does happen.
About as infrequently, I've had Vault Breaker's wall-dashing ability fail, even on fully charged casts over thin walls. At max charge she can go through walls that very few other champions can pull off, even diagonally on the thickest ones, but sometimes the dash simply fails to go through anything, even the thinnest ones regardless of charge time. I don't know enough about how the engine is built to accurately infer that they're related, but the ability flatly failing to work in either case seems to imply that the two problems may be.