Burst, ignite, cc or auto attacks that hit harder than his. Darius is a bit controversial depending on the level of skill. Darius with ignite, his passive and his insane damage output can render you useless. Although remember that he has no sustain so if you can interrupt his combo with your Q you out sustain him. It all depends on the situation and skill level though darius has the slight advantage. Another note, not all bursts counter sion. Take akali for example. Akali has amazing burst damage but.is melee and is easily countered by cc. Q should turn the fight im your favor. On the other hand veigar and leblanc totally destroy you with their high burst and the ability to stay out of melee range. Olaf can also counter sion if correctly played. His ult cancels any cc so you would have to just slug it out with him. The damage that olaf outputs is more skill based while sion is an auto attacker. Sion has a slight advantage though olaf gains more as as he loses hp and with proper lifesteal from his w and wriggles he can almost match that sustain. The shield wont do a lot either since olaf punches right through it with his e.