I have had this happen every 4th or 5th game, and it's the reason I stopped playing Dominion. Played a game just now since it had been so long and it happened when when we were coming back from a 35-115 loss. Ended up losing by the time I restarted.
For me, it seems to happen near towers. Most of the time it's from me trying to click the tower to capture it. The cursor disappears, then may or may not return as a vertical line of stacked triangles, similar to a saw blade. I don't think it's ever happened in shorter games, or games with little to no interaction. It tends to happen when there is a lot going on near a turret and if my cursor is clicking anywhere near for capturing. I can pretty much guarantee a reproduction as long as I am near a turret or there is a lot of action near one.
I'd really like to play Dominion again, but I can't stand this bug. It has cost my team too many losses, especially comeback losses.