I would say Ashe, Graves, or Caitlyn.
Ashe is the go-to "starter AD." Her kit is strong, her utility is amazing, but her playstyle is essentially simple: get into position, toggle on Q, right click whomever you want to die. Positioning is everything for AD carries, no matter who they are. They are all squishy, so it's vital to know where you need to be to deal damage without being subject to taking damage. The sooner you can learn good positioning, the sooner you can start carrying in earnest. Since Ashe doesn't have a re-positioner skill, playing her will force you to think ahead, and you can use her E to help get the lay of the land before the fight breaks out. Pretty soon, you'll be able to anticipate the enemy's position even without using E, but being able to cheat a little will help you get there faster. And of course, even if you're not in position you can still use your ult to help your team, so you'll still be a valuable asset even when you're learning.
Ashe also doesn't have any steroid to speak of, so she relies solely on her items for damage. This will teach you the exact power of an AD build.
Carries are pretty weak early game but Graves makes up for that by playing more like an AD caster for the first 15 minutes. His abilities are pretty straightforward to use and his passive and E help compensate for positioning mistakes.
Caitlyn also has an easy early game and her passive makes last hitting and harassment easier. Playing her will help you learn what a good laning phase should look like, how to get those minion kills, how to harass, how to stay safe from ganks, etc. Her E is also a spectacular escape skill so you probably won't die very much.