Ryze completely destroys him. Vlad will be forced to back off to his tower or die, unless he have good help to gank you.
Akali can actually handle him very easily. He won't be able to charge you or he'll die.
Mordekaiser . . . Best mid in the game imo, although not the best champ. He'll drain your armor, thus doing nothing while you hurt him good with you siphon.
Vladimir can't do **** until lvl 6, unless you suck. So just take some1 that can burst him to hell earlier then that and you'll dominate mid. Until lvl 6 that is.
EDIT: Seriously, even good ol Ashe can harrass him back so he has to run to his mommy with fost arrow/volley.