I'm not going to say if this is a good or bad idea (I have no clue), but here's some suggestions in team ocmps.
Nidalee, Yorick, Jayce, Gangplank, really any top laner who can farm well from range could be a good solo bot lane.
If you want to run a comp like this, send Vladimir top. He has enough sustain to survive top lane anyways. I've seen some Katarina players go top recently with great success, and she's nearly impossible to gank with her escape. Just some ideas. Another tip, if you were to run a 5s comp like this, I'd highly suggest counter-jungling HARD with that roamer and jungler. Being able to 2 v 1 an enemy jungler in their jungle could be dangerous for them, and would be the only way your jungler and roamer would get enough experience and gold to keep up with the enemy jungler.
Small note, if you were to run a comp like this (which I think could be done as a nice "counter meta" if you were able to execute it perfectly, but emphasis on the perfectly), you could also just say "Screw regular supports" and take another duelist into the jungle to help kill the enemy jungler faster. I'm not sure how having another bruiser instead of a support would effect late game team fights. And anyways, if you were to run this type of team, you HAVE to win early. The longer the game goes, the more chances there are for the enemy jungler to catch up in the game. And the enemy AD Carry would be farming bot lane against your solo laner easily, so you'd have to have your AD Carry farm well in mid.
Anyways, it's a better suggestion than others I've seen, and Dignitas used something a little like this in the world finals, and it had some potential (before it got leaked lol). If you end up forming a team based around something like this, post some vids (if you're successful that is haha)